The AT91SAM7A3-EK platform HAL package is loaded automatically when eCos is configured for the at91sam7a3ek target. It should never be necessary to load this package explicitly. Unloading the package should only happen as a side effect of switching target hardware.
The platform HAL package supports three separate startup types:
This is the startup type which is normally used during application development. The board has GDB stubs programmed into flash and boots into that initially. arm-elf-gdb is then used to load a RAM startup application into memory and debug it. It is assumed that the hardware has already been initialized by the stubs. By default the application will use the eCos virtual vectors mechanism to obtain certain services from the stubs, including diagnostic output.
This startup type can be used for finished applications which will be programmed into flash at physical address 0x00100000. The application will be self-contained with no dependencies on services provided by other software. eCos startup code will perform all necessary hardware initialization.
This is an alternative development startup type. The application is loaded into RAM via a JTAG device and is run and debugged from there. The application will be self-contained with no dependencies on services provided by other software. It is expected that hardware setup will have been performed via the JTAG device prior to loading.
GDB Stubs and Virtual Vectors
If the application is intended to act as a ROM monitor, providing
services for other applications, then the configuration option
CYGSEM_HAL_ROM_MONITOR should be set. Typically
this option is set only when building the GDB Stubs.
If the application is supposed to make use of services provided by a
ROM monitor, via the eCos virtual vector mechanism, then the
should be set. By default this option is enabled when building for a
RAM startup, disabled otherwise. It can be manually disabled for a RAM
startup, making the application self-contained, as a testing step
before switching to ROM startup.
If the application does not rely on a ROM monitor for diagnostic services then the serial port will be claimed for HAL diagnostics.
The AT91SAM7A3-EK board contains a quantity of on-chip flash memory.
CYGPKG_DEVS_FLASH_AT91 package contains all the
code and data definitions necessary to support this part. This driver
is not active until the generic Flash support package,
CYGPKG_IO_FLASH, is included in the configuration.
The AT91SAM7A3-EK board use the AT91SAM7A3's internal watchdog support. The
CYGPKG_DEVICES_WATCHDOG_ARM_AT91WDTC package contains all the
code necessary to support this device. Within that package the
configuration option controls the watchdog timeout, and by default will
force a reset of the board upon timeout. This driver is not active until the
generic watchdog device support package,
CYGPKG_IO_WATCHDOG, is included in the configuration.
Note that on the AT91, the on-chip watchdog peripheral always starts running immediately, and so in configurations that do not include the watchdog driver, it is always disabled via its write-once register. In configurations which include the watchdog driver obviously the watchdog is not disabled otherwise it could not be subsequently re-enabled, and so the application must start and periodically reset the watchdog from the very beginning of execution.
USART Serial Driver
The AT91SAM7A3-EK board use the AT91SAM7A3's internal USART serial support as described in the AT91 processor HAL documentation. Two serial ports are available: the serial debug port which is mapped to virtual vector channel 0 in the HAL diagnostic driver or "/dev/dbg" in the interrupt-driven driver; and USART 0 which is mapped to virtual vector channel 1 and "/dev/ser0". Only USART 0 supports modem control signals such as those used for hardware flow control.
The SAM7 variant HAL defines the default compiler and linker flags for all packages, although it is possible to override these on a per-package basis. Most of the flags used are the same as for other architectures supported by eCos. There are just three flags specific to this port:
The arm-elf-gcc compiler supports many variants of the ARM architecture. A
-moption should be used to select the specific variant in use, and with current tools
-mcpu=arm7tdmiis the correct option for the ARM7TDMI processor in the SAM7A3.
The arm-elf-gcc compiler will compile C and C++ files into the Thumb instruction set when this option is used. The best way to build eCos in Thumb mode is to enable the configuration option
This option allows programs to be created that mix ARM and Thumb instruction sets. Without this option, some memory can be saved. This option should be used if -mthumb is used. The best way to build eCos with Thumb interworking is to enable the configuration option