15.3.1 An Overview of Type Checking
Some languages, such as Modula-2, are strongly typed, meaning that the arguments to operators and functions have to be of the correct type, otherwise an error occurs. These checks prevent type mismatch errors from ever causing any run-time problems. For example,
1 + 2 => 3
error--> 1 + 2.3
The second example fails because the
CARDINAL 1 is not
type-compatible with the
For the expressions you use in gdb commands, you can tell the gdb type checker to skip checking; to treat any mismatches as errors and abandon the expression; or to only issue warnings when type mismatches occur, but evaluate the expression anyway. When you choose the last of these, gdb evaluates expressions like the second example above, but also issues a warning.
Even if you turn type checking off, there may be other reasons
related to type that prevent gdb from evaluating an expression.
For instance, gdb does not know how to add an
struct foo. These particular type errors have nothing to do
with the language in use, and usually arise from expressions, such as
the one described above, which make little sense to evaluate anyway.
Each language defines to what degree it is strict about type. For instance, both Modula-2 and C require the arguments to arithmetical operators to be numbers. In C, enumerated types and pointers can be represented as numbers, so that they are valid arguments to mathematical operators. See Supported Languages, for further details on specific languages.
gdb provides some additional commands for controlling the type checker:
set check type auto
- Set type checking on or off based on the current working language.
See Supported Languages, for the default settings for
set check type on
set check type off
- Set type checking on or off, overriding the default setting for the
current working language. Issue a warning if the setting does not
match the language default. If any type mismatches occur in
evaluating an expression while type checking is on, gdb prints a
message and aborts evaluation of the expression.
set check type warn
- Cause the type checker to issue warnings, but to always attempt to
evaluate the expression. Evaluating the expression may still
be impossible for other reasons. For example, gdb cannot add
numbers and structures.
- Show the current setting of the type checker, and whether or not gdb is setting it automatically.