Interactive Tests

server_test - a very simple server example

This test simply awaits a connection on port 7734 and after accepting a connection, gets a packet (with a timeout of a few seconds) and prints it.

The connection is then closed. We then loop to await the next connection, and so on. To use it, telnet to the target on port 7734 then type something (quickly!)

% telnet 7734 
Hello target board

and the test program will print something like:

connection from 
buf = "Hello target board"
ga_server_test - another very simple server example

This is a variation on the ga_server_test test with the difference being that it uses the getaddrinfo function to set up its addresses. On a system with IPv6 enabled, it will listen on port 7734 for a TCP connection via either IPv4 or IPv6.

tftp_client_test - performs a tftp get and put from/to “server”

This is only partially interactive. You need to set things up on the “server” in order for this to work, and you will need to look at the server afterwards to confirm that all was well.

For each interface in turn, this test attempts to read by tftp from the server, a file called tftp_get and prints the status and contents it read (if any). It then writes the same data to a file called tftp_put on the same server.

In order for this to succeed, both files must already exist. The TFTP protocol does not require that a WRQ request _create_ a file, just that it can write it. The TFTP server on Linux certainly will only allow writes to an existing file, given the appropriate permission. Thus, you need to have these files in place, with proper permission, before running the test.

The conventional place for the tftp server to operate in LINUX is /tftpboot/; you will likely need root privileges to create files there. The data contents of tftp_get can be anything you like, but anything very large will waste lots of time printing it on the test’s stdout, and anything above 32kB will cause a buffer overflow and unpredictable failure.

Creating an empty tftp_put file (eg. by copying /dev/null to it) is neatest. So before the test you should have something like:

-rw-rw-rw- 1 root        1076 May  1 11:39 tftp_get
-rw-rw-rw- 1 root        0 May  1 15:52 tftp_put 

note that both files have public permissions wide open. After running the test, tftp_put should be a copy of tftp_get.

-rw-rw-rw-  1 root       1076 May  1 11:39 tftp_get
-rw-rw-rw-  1 root       1076 May  1 15:52 tftp_put

If the configuration contains IPv6 support, the test program will also use IPv6. It will attempt to put/get the files listed above from the address it last received a routers solicit from.

tftp_server_test - runs a tftp server for a short while

This test is truly interactive, in that you can use a standard tftp application to get and put files from the server, during the 5 minutes that it runs. The dummy filesystem which underlies the server initially contains one file, called “uu” which contains part of a familiar text and some padding. It also accommodates creation of 3 further files of up to 1Mb in size and names of up to 256 bytes. Exceeding these limits will cause a buffer overflow and unpredictable failure.

The dummy filesystem is an implementation of the generic API which allows a true filesystem to be attached to the tftp server in the network stack.

We have been testing the tftp server by running the test on the target board, then using two different host computers connecting to the different target interfaces, putting a file from each, getting the “uu” file, and getting the file from the other computer. This verifies that data is preserved during the transfer as well as interworking with standard tftp applications.

Documentation license for this page: Open Publication License