Thread termination


cyg_thread_exit, cyg_thread_kill, cyg_thread_delete -- Allow threads to terminate


#include <cyg/kernel/kapi.h>

void cyg_thread_exit(void);

void cyg_thread_kill(cyg_handle_t thread);

cyg_bool_t cyg_thread_delete(cyg_handle_t thread);


In many embedded systems the various threads are allocated statically, created during initialization, and never need to terminate. This avoids any need for dynamic memory allocation or other resource management facilities. However if a given application does have a requirement that some threads be created dynamically, must terminate, and their resources such as the stack be reclaimed, then the kernel provides the functions cyg_thread_exit, cyg_thread_kill, and cyg_thread_delete.

cyg_thread_exit allows a thread to terminate itself, thus ensuring that it will not be run again by the scheduler. However the cyg_thread data structure passed to cyg_thread_create remains in use, and the handle returned by cyg_thread_create remains valid. This allows other threads to perform certain operations on the terminated thread, for example to determine its stack usage via cyg_thread_measure_stack_usage. When the handle and cyg_thread structure are no longer required, cyg_thread_delete should be called to release these resources. If the stack was dynamically allocated then this should not be freed until after the call to cyg_thread_delete.

Alternatively, one thread may use cyg_thread_kill on another This has much the same effect as the affected thread calling cyg_thread_exit. However killing a thread is generally rather dangerous because no attempt is made to unlock any synchronization primitives currently owned by that thread or release any other resources that thread may have claimed. Therefore use of this function should be avoided, and cyg_thread_exit is preferred. cyg_thread_kill cannot be used by a thread to kill itself.

cyg_thread_delete should be used on a thread after it has exited and is no longer required. After this call the thread handle is no longer valid, and both the cyg_thread structure and the thread stack can be re-used or freed. If cyg_thread_delete is invoked on a thread that is still running then there is an implicit call to cyg_thread_kill. This function returns true if the delete was successful, and false if the delete did not happen. The delete may not happen for example if the thread being destroyed is a lower priority thread than the running thread, and will thus not wake up in order to exit until it is rescheduled.

Valid contexts

cyg_thread_exit, cyg_thread_kill and cyg_thread_delete can only be called from thread context.

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