The HAL Port


HAL Port -- Implementation Details


This documentation explains how the eCos HAL specification has been mapped onto the LM3S8962-EVAL board hardware, and should be read in conjunction with that specification. The LM3S8962-EVAL platform HAL package complements the ARM architectural HAL and the LM3S variant HAL. It provides functionality which is specific to the target board.


Following a hard or soft reset the HAL will initialize or reinitialize many of the on-chip peripherals. There is an exception for RAM startup applications which depend on a ROM monitor for certain services.

For ROM and JTAG startup, the HAL will perform additional initialization, programming the various internal registers including the PLL, peripheral clocks and GPIO pins. The details of the early hardware startup may be found in the src/lm3s8962_eval_misc.c in both hal_system_init and hal_platform_init.

Memory Map

The platform HAL package provides the memory layout information needed to generate the linker script. The key memory locations are as follows:

Internal RAM

This is located at address 0x20000000 of the memory space, and is 64KiB in size. The eCos VSR table occupies the bottom 512 bytes. The virtual vector table starts at 0x00000200 and extends to 0x00000300. The top CYGNUM_HAL_COMMON_INTERRUPTS_STACK_SIZE bytes are reserved for the interrupt stack. The remainder of internal RAM is available for use by applications.

Internal FLASH

This is located at address 0x00000000 of the memory space. This region is 256KiB in size. ROM applications are by default configured to run from this memory.

On-Chip Peripherals

These are accessible at locations 0x40000000 and 0xE0000000 upwards. Descriptions of the contents can be found in the LM3S User Manual.

Linker Scripts

The platform linker scripts define the following symbols:


This defines the location of the VSR table. This is set to 0x20000000 for all startup types, and space for 128 entries is reserved.


This defines the location of the virtual vector table used to communicate between an ROM monitor and an eCos application. This is allocated right after the VSR table, at 0x20000200. To permit expansion and possible addition of other tables, the linker scripts then allocate further sections from 0x20000400.


This defines the location of the interrupt stack. For all startups, this is allocated to the top of internal SRAM, 0x20010000.


This defines the location of the startup stack. For all startup types it is initially allocated at the half-way point of the interrupt stack.

Documentation license for this page: eCosPro License