The MultiMedia Card Interface (MCI) driver in the SAM9 processor HAL allows use of MultiMedia Cards (MMC cards) and Secure Digital (SD) flash storage cards within eCos, exported as block devices. This makes them suitable for use as the underlying devices for filesystems such as FAT.
This driver provides the necessary support for the generic MMC bus layer
CYGPKG_DEVS_DISK_MMC package to export a disk
block device. The disk block device is only available if the generic disk I/O
layer found in the package
CYGPKG_IO_DISK is included in
The block device may then be used as the device layer for a filesystem such as FAT. Example devices are "/dev/mmc0/1" to refer to the first partition on the card, or "/dev/mmc0/0" to address the whole device including potentially the partition table at the start.
The driver may be forcibly disabled within this processor HAL package with
the configuration option
If the driver is enabled, there are three SAM9 specific options:
This indicates that the driver should operate in interrupt-driven mode if possible. This is enabled by default if the eCos kernel is enabled. Note though that if the driver finds that global interrupts are off when running, then it will fall back to polled mode even if this option is enabled. This allows for use of the MCI driver in an initialisation context.
The SAM9 MCI peripheral allows the MCI clock to be divided down if told to enter power saving mode. This option specifies the divider to use. The driver itself does not implement any power saving - it is up to the application to enable power saving in the MCI control register if it is required.
Some SAM9s have two MCI interfaces. This option selects which of these will be used by the MMC driver. The default for the SAM9263 is to select interface 1, since the PIO lines for interface 0 are shared with SPI0, which will usually be occupied by a dataflash device or card. On the G45 the pins are not shared, so we select MCI0 by default.
MMC/SD cards may only be used in a MMC/SD card slot, and not a dataflash
slot. The driver will detect the appropriate card sizes. Hotswapping
of cards is supported by the driver, and in the case of eCosPro,
the FAT filesystem. Although any cards removed before explicit unmounting
sync() call to flush filesystem buffers will
likely result in a corrupted filesystem on the removed card.
The MMC/SD bus layer will parse partition tables, although it can be configured to allow handling of cards with no partition table.
This driver implements multi-sector I/O operations. If you are using the FAT filesystem, see the generic MMC/SD driver documentation which describes how to exploit this feature when using FAT.