18.104.22.168 Input Section Basics
The file name and the section name may be wildcard patterns, which we describe further below (see Input Section Wildcards).
The most common input section description is to include all input sections with a particular name in the output section. For example, to include all input .text sections, you would write:
Here the * is a wildcard which matches any file name. To exclude a list of files from matching the file name wildcard, EXCLUDE_FILE may be used to match all files except the ones specified in the EXCLUDE_FILE list. For example:
*(EXCLUDE_FILE (*crtend.o *otherfile.o) .ctors)
will cause all .ctors sections from all files except crtend.o and otherfile.o to be included.
There are two ways to include more than one section:
*(.text .rdata) *(.text) *(.rdata)
The difference between these is the order in which the .text and .rdata input sections will appear in the output section. In the first example, they will be intermingled, appearing in the same order as they are found in the linker input. In the second example, all .text input sections will appear first, followed by all .rdata input sections.
You can specify a file name to include sections from a particular file. You would do this if one or more of your files contain special data that needs to be at a particular location in memory. For example:
You can also specify files within archives by writing a pattern matching the archive, a colon, then the pattern matching the file, with no whitespace around the colon.
- matches file within archive
- matches the whole archive
- matches file but not one in an archive
Either one or both of archive and file can contain shell
wildcards. On DOS based file systems, the linker will assume that a
single letter followed by a colon is a drive specifier, so
c:myfile.o is a simple file specification, not myfile.o
within an archive called c. archive:file filespecs may
also be used within an
EXCLUDE_FILE list, but may not appear in
other linker script contexts. For instance, you cannot extract a file
from an archive by using archive:file in an
If you use a file name without a list of sections, then all sections in the input file will be included in the output section. This is not commonly done, but it may by useful on occasion. For example:
When you use a file name which is not an archive:file specifier
and does not contain any wild card
characters, the linker will first see if you also specified the file
name on the linker command line or in an
INPUT command. If you
did not, the linker will attempt to open the file as an input file, as
though it appeared on the command line. Note that this differs from an
INPUT command, because the linker will not search for the file in
the archive search path.