D.7 Host I/O Packets
The Host I/O packets allow gdb to perform I/O operations on the far side of a remote link. For example, Host I/O is used to upload and download files to a remote target with its own filesystem. Host I/O uses the same constant values and data structure layout as the target-initiated File-I/O protocol. However, the Host I/O packets are structured differently. The target-initiated protocol relies on target memory to store parameters and buffers. Host I/O requests are initiated by gdb, and the target's memory is not involved. See File-I/O Remote Protocol Extension, for more details on the target-initiated protocol.
The Host I/O request packets all encode a single operation along with its arguments. They have this format:
- vFile:operation: parameter...
- operation is the name of the particular request; the target should compare the entire packet name up to the second colon when checking for a supported operation. The format of parameter depends on the operation. Numbers are always passed in hexadecimal. Negative numbers have an explicit minus sign (i.e. two's complement is not used). Strings (e.g. filenames) are encoded as a series of hexadecimal bytes. The last argument to a system call may be a buffer of escaped binary data (see Binary Data).
The valid responses to Host I/O packets are:
- F result [, errno] [; attachment]
- result is the integer value returned by this operation, usually
non-negative for success and -1 for errors. If an error has occured,
errno will be included in the result. errno will have a
value defined by the File-I/O protocol (see Errno Values). For
operations which return data, attachment supplies the data as a
binary buffer. Binary buffers in response packets are escaped in the
normal way (see Binary Data). See the individual packet
documentation for the interpretation of result and
- An empty response indicates that this operation is not recognized.
These are the supported Host I/O operations:
- vFile:open: pathname, flags, mode
- Open a file at pathname and return a file descriptor for it, or
return -1 if an error occurs. pathname is a string,
flags is an integer indicating a mask of open flags
(see Open Flags), and mode is an integer indicating a mask
of mode bits to use if the file is created (see mode_t Values).
See open, for details of the open flags and mode values.
- vFile:close: fd
- Close the open file corresponding to fd and return 0, or
-1 if an error occurs.
- vFile:pread: fd, count, offset
- Read data from the open file corresponding to fd. Up to
count bytes will be read from the file, starting at offset
relative to the start of the file. The target may read fewer bytes;
common reasons include packet size limits and an end-of-file
condition. The number of bytes read is returned. Zero should only be
returned for a successful read at the end of the file, or if
count was zero.
The data read should be returned as a binary attachment on success. If zero bytes were read, the response should include an empty binary attachment (i.e. a trailing semicolon). The return value is the number of target bytes read; the binary attachment may be longer if some characters were escaped.
- vFile:pwrite: fd, offset, data
- Write data (a binary buffer) to the open file corresponding
to fd. Start the write at offset from the start of the
file. Unlike many
writesystem calls, there is no separate count argument; the length of data in the packet is used. vFile:write returns the number of bytes written, which may be shorter than the length of data, or -1 if an error occurred.
- vFile:unlink: pathname
- Delete the file at pathname on the target. Return 0, or -1 if an error occurs. pathname is a string.