17.7.1 Basic Characteristics of Registers
Registers have various characteristics.
Number of hardware registers known to the compiler. They receive numbers 0 through
FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER-1; thus, the first pseudo register's number really is assigned the number
An initializer that says which registers are used for fixed purposes all throughout the compiled code and are therefore not available for general allocation. These would include the stack pointer, the frame pointer (except on machines where that can be used as a general register when no frame pointer is needed), the program counter on machines where that is considered one of the addressable registers, and any other numbered register with a standard use.
This information is expressed as a sequence of numbers, separated by commas and surrounded by braces. The nth number is 1 if register n is fixed, 0 otherwise.
The table initialized from this macro, and the table initialized by the following one, may be overridden at run time either automatically, by the actions of the macro
CONDITIONAL_REGISTER_USAGE, or by the user with the command options -ffixed-reg, -fcall-used-reg and -fcall-saved-reg.
FIXED_REGISTERSbut has 1 for each register that is clobbered (in general) by function calls as well as for fixed registers. This macro therefore identifies the registers that are not available for general allocation of values that must live across function calls.
If a register has 0 in
CALL_USED_REGISTERS, the compiler automatically saves it on function entry and restores it on function exit, if the register is used within the function.
A C expression that is nonzero if it is not permissible to store a value of mode mode in hard register number regno across a call without some part of it being clobbered. For most machines this macro need not be defined. It is only required for machines that do not preserve the entire contents of a register across a call.
Zero or more C statements that may conditionally modify five variables
reg_class_contents, to take into account any dependence of these register sets on target flags. The first three of these are of type
char (interpreted as Boolean vectors).
const char *, and
HARD_REG_SET. Before the macro is called,
reg_nameshave been initialized from
global_regshas been cleared, and any -ffixed-reg, -fcall-used-reg and -fcall-saved-reg command options have been applied.
You need not define this macro if it has no work to do.
If the usage of an entire class of registers depends on the target flags, you may indicate this to GCC by using this macro to modify
call_used_regsto 1 for each of the registers in the classes which should not be used by GCC. Also define the macro
NO_REGSif it is called with a letter for a class that shouldn't be used.
(However, if this class is not included in
GENERAL_REGSand all of the insn patterns whose constraints permit this class are controlled by target switches, then GCC will automatically avoid using these registers when the target switches are opposed to them.)
Define this macro if the target machine has register windows. This C expression returns the register number as seen by the called function corresponding to the register number out as seen by the calling function. Return out if register number out is not an outbound register.
Define this macro if the target machine has register windows. This C expression returns the register number as seen by the calling function corresponding to the register number in as seen by the called function. Return in if register number in is not an inbound register.
Define this macro if the target machine has register windows. This C expression returns true if the register is call-saved but is in the register window. Unlike most call-saved registers, such registers need not be explicitly restored on function exit or during non-local gotos.