Installing GCC: Configuration

Like most GNU software, GCC must be configured before it can be built. This document describes the recommended configuration procedure for both native and cross targets.

We use srcdir to refer to the toplevel source directory for GCC; we use objdir to refer to the toplevel build/object directory.

If you obtained the sources via SVN, srcdir must refer to the top gcc directory, the one where the MAINTAINERS can be found, and not its gcc subdirectory, otherwise the build will fail.

If either srcdir or objdir is located on an automounted NFS file system, the shell's built-in pwd command will return temporary pathnames. Using these can lead to various sorts of build problems. To avoid this issue, set the PWDCMD environment variable to an automounter-aware pwd command, e.g., pawd or amq -w, during the configuration and build phases.

First, we highly recommend that GCC be built into a separate directory than the sources which does not reside within the source tree. This is how we generally build GCC; building where srcdir == objdir should still work, but doesn't get extensive testing; building where objdir is a subdirectory of srcdir is unsupported.

If you have previously built GCC in the same directory for a different target machine, do make distclean to delete all files that might be invalid. One of the files this deletes is Makefile; if make distclean complains that Makefile does not exist or issues a message like “don't know how to make distclean” it probably means that the directory is already suitably clean. However, with the recommended method of building in a separate objdir, you should simply use a different objdir for each target.

Second, when configuring a native system, either cc or gcc must be in your path or you must set CC in your environment before running configure. Otherwise the configuration scripts may fail.

To configure GCC:

        % mkdir objdir
        % cd objdir
        % srcdir/configure [options] [target]

Distributor options

If you will be distributing binary versions of GCC, with modifications to the source code, you should use the options described in this section to make clear that your version contains modifications.

Specify a string that identifies your package. You may wish to include a build number or build date. This version string will be included in the output of gcc --version. This suffix does not replace the default version string, only the GCC part.

The default value is GCC.

Specify the URL that users should visit if they wish to report a bug. You are of course welcome to forward bugs reported to you to the FSF, if you determine that they are not bugs in your modifications.

The default value refers to the FSF's GCC bug tracker.

Target specification

Options specification

Use options to override several configure time options for GCC. A list of supported options follows; configure --help may list other options, but those not listed below may not work and should not normally be used.

Note that each --enable option has a corresponding --disable option and that each --with option has a corresponding --without option.

Specify the toplevel installation directory. This is the recommended way to install the tools into a directory other than the default. The toplevel installation directory defaults to /usr/local.

We highly recommend against dirname being the same or a subdirectory of objdir or vice versa. If specifying a directory beneath a user's home directory tree, some shells will not expand dirname correctly if it contains the ~ metacharacter; use $HOME instead.

The following standard autoconf options are supported. Normally you should not need to use these options.

Specify the toplevel installation directory for architecture-dependent files. The default is prefix.
Specify the installation directory for the executables called by users (such as gcc and g++). The default is exec-prefix/bin.
Specify the installation directory for object code libraries and internal data files of GCC. The default is exec-prefix/lib.
Specify the installation directory for internal executables of GCC. The default is exec-prefix/libexec.
Specify the installation directory for the shared libgcc library. The default is libdir.
Specify the installation directory for documentation in info format. The default is prefix/info.
Specify the installation directory for some architecture-independent data files referenced by GCC. The default is prefix/share.
Specify the installation directory for manual pages. The default is prefix/man. (Note that the manual pages are only extracts from the full GCC manuals, which are provided in Texinfo format. The manpages are derived by an automatic conversion process from parts of the full manual.)
Specify the installation directory for G++ header files. The default is prefix/include/c++/version.

GCC supports some transformations of the names of its programs when installing them. This option prepends prefix to the names of programs to install in bindir (see above). For example, specifying --program-prefix=foo- would result in gcc being installed as /usr/local/bin/foo-gcc.
Appends suffix to the names of programs to install in bindir (see above). For example, specifying --program-suffix=-3.1 would result in gcc being installed as /usr/local/bin/gcc-3.1.
Applies the sed script pattern to be applied to the names of programs to install in bindir (see above). pattern has to consist of one or more basic sed editing commands, separated by semicolons. For example, if you want the gcc program name to be transformed to the installed program /usr/local/bin/myowngcc and the g++ program name to be transformed to /usr/local/bin/gspecial++ without changing other program names, you could use the pattern --program-transform-name='s/^gcc$/myowngcc/; s/^g++$/gspecial++/' to achieve this effect.

All three options can be combined and used together, resulting in more complex conversion patterns. As a basic rule, prefix (and suffix) are prepended (appended) before further transformations can happen with a special transformation script pattern.

As currently implemented, this option only takes effect for native builds; cross compiler binaries' names are not transformed even when a transformation is explicitly asked for by one of these options.

For native builds, some of the installed programs are also installed with the target alias in front of their name, as in i686-pc-linux-gnu-gcc. All of the above transformations happen before the target alias is prepended to the name—so, specifying --program-prefix=foo- and program-suffix=-3.1, the resulting binary would be installed as /usr/local/bin/i686-pc-linux-gnu-foo-gcc-3.1.

As a last shortcoming, none of the installed Ada programs are transformed yet, which will be fixed in some time.

Specify the installation directory for local include files. The default is /usr/local. Specify this option if you want the compiler to search directory dirname/include for locally installed header files instead of /usr/local/include.

You should specify --with-local-prefix only if your site has a different convention (not /usr/local) for where to put site-specific files.

The default value for --with-local-prefix is /usr/local regardless of the value of --prefix. Specifying --prefix has no effect on which directory GCC searches for local header files. This may seem counterintuitive, but actually it is logical.

The purpose of --prefix is to specify where to install GCC. The local header files in /usr/local/include—if you put any in that directory—are not part of GCC. They are part of other programs—perhaps many others. (GCC installs its own header files in another directory which is based on the --prefix value.)

Both the local-prefix include directory and the GCC-prefix include directory are part of GCC's “system include” directories. Although these two directories are not fixed, they need to be searched in the proper order for the correct processing of the include_next directive. The local-prefix include directory is searched before the GCC-prefix include directory. Another characteristic of system include directories is that pedantic warnings are turned off for headers in these directories.

Some autoconf macros add -I directory options to the compiler command line, to ensure that directories containing installed packages' headers are searched. When directory is one of GCC's system include directories, GCC will ignore the option so that system directories continue to be processed in the correct order. This may result in a search order different from what was specified but the directory will still be searched.

GCC automatically searches for ordinary libraries using GCC_EXEC_PREFIX. Thus, when the same installation prefix is used for both GCC and packages, GCC will automatically search for both headers and libraries. This provides a configuration that is easy to use. GCC behaves in a manner similar to that when it is installed as a system compiler in /usr.

Sites that need to install multiple versions of GCC may not want to use the above simple configuration. It is possible to use the --program-prefix, --program-suffix and --program-transform-name options to install multiple versions into a single directory, but it may be simpler to use different prefixes and the --with-local-prefix option to specify the location of the site-specific files for each version. It will then be necessary for users to specify explicitly the location of local site libraries (e.g., with LIBRARY_PATH).

The same value can be used for both --with-local-prefix and --prefix provided it is not /usr. This can be used to avoid the default search of /usr/local/include.

Do not specify /usr as the --with-local-prefix! The directory you use for --with-local-prefix must not contain any of the system's standard header files. If it did contain them, certain programs would be miscompiled (including GNU Emacs, on certain targets), because this would override and nullify the header file corrections made by the fixincludes script.

Indications are that people who use this option use it based on mistaken ideas of what it is for. People use it as if it specified where to install part of GCC. Perhaps they make this assumption because installing GCC creates the directory.

Build shared versions of libraries, if shared libraries are supported on the target platform. Unlike GCC 2.95.x and earlier, shared libraries are enabled by default on all platforms that support shared libraries.

If a list of packages is given as an argument, build shared libraries only for the listed packages. For other packages, only static libraries will be built. Package names currently recognized in the GCC tree are libgcc (also known as gcc), libstdc++ (not libstdc++-v3), libffi, zlib, boehm-gc, ada, libada, libjava and libobjc. Note libiberty does not support shared libraries at all.

Use --disable-shared to build only static libraries. Note that --disable-shared does not accept a list of package names as argument, only --enable-shared does.

Specify that the compiler should assume that the assembler it finds is the GNU assembler. However, this does not modify the rules to find an assembler and will result in confusion if the assembler found is not actually the GNU assembler. (Confusion may also result if the compiler finds the GNU assembler but has not been configured with --with-gnu-as.) If you have more than one assembler installed on your system, you may want to use this option in connection with --with-as=pathname or --with-build-time-tools=pathname.

The following systems are the only ones where it makes a difference whether you use the GNU assembler. On any other system, --with-gnu-as has no effect.

  • hppa1.0-any-any
  • hppa1.1-any-any
  • sparc-sun-solaris2.any
  • sparc64-any-solaris2.any

Specify that the compiler should use the assembler pointed to by pathname, rather than the one found by the standard rules to find an assembler, which are:
  • Unless GCC is being built with a cross compiler, check the libexec/gcc/target/version directory. libexec defaults to exec-prefix/libexec; exec-prefix defaults to prefix, which defaults to /usr/local unless overridden by the --prefix=pathname switch described above. target is the target system triple, such as sparc-sun-solaris2.7, and version denotes the GCC version, such as 3.0.
  • If the target system is the same that you are building on, check operating system specific directories (e.g. /usr/ccs/bin on Sun Solaris 2).
  • Check in the PATH for a tool whose name is prefixed by the target system triple.
  • Check in the PATH for a tool whose name is not prefixed by the target system triple, if the host and target system triple are the same (in other words, we use a host tool if it can be used for the target as well).

You may want to use --with-as if no assembler is installed in the directories listed above, or if you have multiple assemblers installed and want to choose one that is not found by the above rules.

Same as --with-gnu-as but for the linker.
Same as --with-as but for the linker.
Specify that stabs debugging information should be used instead of whatever format the host normally uses. Normally GCC uses the same debug format as the host system.

On MIPS based systems and on Alphas, you must specify whether you want GCC to create the normal ECOFF debugging format, or to use BSD-style stabs passed through the ECOFF symbol table. The normal ECOFF debug format cannot fully handle languages other than C. BSD stabs format can handle other languages, but it only works with the GNU debugger GDB.

Normally, GCC uses the ECOFF debugging format by default; if you prefer BSD stabs, specify --with-stabs when you configure GCC.

No matter which default you choose when you configure GCC, the user can use the -gcoff and -gstabs+ options to specify explicitly the debug format for a particular compilation.

--with-stabs is meaningful on the ISC system on the 386, also, if --with-gas is used. It selects use of stabs debugging information embedded in COFF output. This kind of debugging information supports C++ well; ordinary COFF debugging information does not.

--with-stabs is also meaningful on 386 systems running SVR4. It selects use of stabs debugging information embedded in ELF output. The C++ compiler currently (2.6.0) does not support the DWARF debugging information normally used on 386 SVR4 platforms; stabs provide a workable alternative. This requires gas and gdb, as the normal SVR4 tools can not generate or interpret stabs.

Specify that multiple target libraries to support different target variants, calling conventions, etc. should not be built. The default is to build a predefined set of them.

Some targets provide finer-grained control over which multilibs are built (e.g., --disable-softfloat):

fpu, 26bit, underscore, interwork, biendian, nofmult.
softfloat, m68881, m68000, m68020.
single-float, biendian, softfloat.
powerpc*-*-*, rs6000*-*-*
aix64, pthread, softfloat, powercpu, powerpccpu, powerpcos, biendian, sysv, aix.

Specify that the target supports threads. This affects the Objective-C compiler and runtime library, and exception handling for other languages like C++ and Java. On some systems, this is the default.

In general, the best (and, in many cases, the only known) threading model available will be configured for use. Beware that on some systems, GCC has not been taught what threading models are generally available for the system. In this case, --enable-threads is an alias for --enable-threads=generic.

Specify that threading support should be disabled for the system. This is an alias for --enable-threads=single.
Specify that lib is the thread support library. This affects the Objective-C compiler and runtime library, and exception handling for other languages like C++ and Java. The possibilities for lib are:
AIX thread support.
DCE thread support.
A platform with either unknown or changeable thread support. GCC will provide a layer that permits the runtime system to provide an implementation of the thread model.
Ada tasking support. For non-Ada programs, this setting is equivalent to single. When used in conjunction with the Ada run time, it causes GCC to use the same thread primitives as Ada uses. This option is necessary when using both Ada and the back end exception handling, which is the default for most Ada targets.
Generic MACH thread support, known to work on NeXTSTEP. (Please note that the file needed to support this configuration, gthr-mach.h, is missing and thus this setting will cause a known bootstrap failure.)
This is an alias for single.
Generic POSIX/Unix98 thread support.
Generic POSIX/Unix95 thread support.
RTEMS thread support.
Disable thread support, should work for all platforms.
Sun Solaris 2 thread support.
VxWorks thread support.
Microsoft Win32 API thread support.
Novell Kernel Services thread support.

Specify that the target supports TLS (Thread Local Storage). Usually configure can correctly determine if TLS is supported. In cases where it guesses incorrectly, TLS can be explicitly enabled or disabled with --enable-tls or --disable-tls. This can happen if the assembler supports TLS but the C library does not, or if the assumptions made by the configure test are incorrect.
Specify that the target does not support TLS. This is an alias for --enable-tls=no.
Specify which cpu variant the compiler should generate code for by default. cpu will be used as the default value of the -mcpu= switch. This option is only supported on some targets, including ARM, i386, M68k, PowerPC, and SPARC. The --with-cpu-32 and --with-cpu-64 options specify separate default CPUs for 32-bit and 64-bit modes; these options are only supported for i386 and x86-64.
These configure options provide default values for the -mschedule=, -march=, -mtune=, -mabi=, and -mfpu= options and for -mhard-float or -msoft-float. As with --with-cpu, which switches will be accepted and acceptable values of the arguments depend on the target.
Specify if the compiler should default to -marm or -mthumb. This option is only supported on ARM targets.
Specify how the compiler should generate code for checking for division by zero. This option is only supported on the MIPS target. The possibilities for type are:
Division by zero checks use conditional traps (this is the default on systems that support conditional traps).
Division by zero checks use the break instruction.

On MIPS targets, make -mllsc the default when no -mno-lsc option is passed. This is the default for Linux-based targets, as the kernel will emulate them if the ISA does not provide them.
On MIPS targets, make -mno-llsc the default when no -mllsc option is passed.
On MIPS targets, make use of copy relocations and PLTs. These features are extensions to the traditional SVR4-based MIPS ABIs and require support from GNU binutils and the runtime C library.
Define if you want to use __cxa_atexit, rather than atexit, to register C++ destructors for local statics and global objects. This is essential for fully standards-compliant handling of destructors, but requires __cxa_atexit in libc. This option is currently only available on systems with GNU libc. When enabled, this will cause -fuse-cxa-atexit to be passed by default.
Specify that target libraries should be optimized for code space instead of code speed. This is the default for the m32r platform.
Specify that a user visible cpp program should not be installed.
Specify that the user visible cpp program should be installed in prefix/dirname/cpp, in addition to bindir.
Force the use of sections .init_array and .fini_array (instead of .init and .fini) for constructors and destructors. Option --disable-initfini-array has the opposite effect. If neither option is specified, the configure script will try to guess whether the .init_array and .fini_array sections are supported and, if they are, use them.
The build rules that regenerate the GCC master message catalog gcc.pot are normally disabled. This is because it can only be rebuilt if the complete source tree is present. If you have changed the sources and want to rebuild the catalog, configuring with --enable-maintainer-mode will enable this. Note that you need a recent version of the gettext tools to do so.
For a native build, the default configuration is to perform a 3-stage bootstrap of the compiler when make is invoked, testing that GCC can compile itself correctly. If you want to disable this process, you can configure with --disable-bootstrap.
In special cases, you may want to perform a 3-stage build even if the target and host triplets are different. This could happen when the host can run code compiled for the target (e.g. host is i686-linux, target is i486-linux). Starting from GCC 4.2, to do this you have to configure explicitly with --enable-bootstrap.
Neither the .c and .h files that are generated from Bison and flex nor the info manuals and man pages that are built from the .texi files are present in the SVN development tree. When building GCC from that development tree, or from one of our snapshots, those generated files are placed in your build directory, which allows for the source to be in a readonly directory.

If you configure with --enable-generated-files-in-srcdir then those generated files will go into the source directory. This is mainly intended for generating release or prerelease tarballs of the GCC sources, since it is not a requirement that the users of source releases to have flex, Bison, or makeinfo.

Specify that runtime libraries should be installed in the compiler specific subdirectory (libdir/gcc) rather than the usual places. In addition, libstdc++'s include files will be installed into libdir unless you overruled it by using --with-gxx-include-dir=dirname. Using this option is particularly useful if you intend to use several versions of GCC in parallel. This is currently supported by libgfortran, libjava, libmudflap, libstdc++, and libobjc.
Specify that only a particular subset of compilers and their runtime libraries should be built. For a list of valid values for langN you can issue the following command in the gcc directory of your GCC source tree:
          grep language= */

Currently, you can use any of the following: all, ada, c, c++, fortran, java, objc, obj-c++. Building the Ada compiler has special requirements, see below. If you do not pass this flag, or specify the option all, then all default languages available in the gcc sub-tree will be configured. Ada and Objective-C++ are not default languages; the rest are. Re-defining LANGUAGES when calling make does not work anymore, as those language sub-directories might not have been configured!

Specify that a particular subset of compilers and their runtime libraries should be built with the system C compiler during stage 1 of the bootstrap process, rather than only in later stages with the bootstrapped C compiler. The list of valid values is the same as for --enable-languages, and the option all will select all of the languages enabled by --enable-languages. This option is primarily useful for GCC development; for instance, when a development version of the compiler cannot bootstrap due to compiler bugs, or when one is debugging front ends other than the C front end. When this option is used, one can then build the target libraries for the specified languages with the stage-1 compiler by using make stage1-bubble all-target, or run the testsuite on the stage-1 compiler for the specified languages using make stage1-start check-gcc.
Specify that the run-time libraries and tools used by GNAT should not be built. This can be useful for debugging, or for compatibility with previous Ada build procedures, when it was required to explicitly do a make -C gcc gnatlib_and_tools.
Specify that the run-time libraries for stack smashing protection should not be built.
Specify that the run-time libraries used by GOMP should not be built.
Specify that the compiler should use DWARF 2 debugging information as the default.
Some GCC targets, e.g. powerpc64-linux, build bi-arch compilers. These are compilers that are able to generate either 64-bit or 32-bit code. Typically, the corresponding 32-bit target, e.g. powerpc-linux for powerpc64-linux, only generates 32-bit code. This option enables the 32-bit target to be a bi-arch compiler, which is useful when you want a bi-arch compiler that defaults to 32-bit, and you are building a bi-arch or multi-arch binutils in a combined tree. Currently, this option only affects sparc-linux, powerpc-linux and x86-linux.
This option enables -msecure-plt by default for powerpc-linux. See “RS/6000 and PowerPC Options” in the main manual
This option enables -mcld by default for 32-bit x86 targets. See “i386 and x86-64 Options” in the main manual
The --enable-win32-registry option enables Microsoft Windows-hosted GCC to look up installations paths in the registry using the following key:
          HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Free Software Foundation\key

key defaults to GCC version number, and can be overridden by the --enable-win32-registry=key option. Vendors and distributors who use custom installers are encouraged to provide a different key, perhaps one comprised of vendor name and GCC version number, to avoid conflict with existing installations. This feature is enabled by default, and can be disabled by --disable-win32-registry option. This option has no effect on the other hosts.

Specify that the machine does not have a floating point unit. This option only applies to m68k-sun-sunosn. On any other system, --nfp has no effect.
When you specify this option, it controls whether certain files in the compiler are built with -Werror in bootstrap stage2 and later. If you don't specify it, -Werror is turned on for the main development trunk. However it defaults to off for release branches and final releases. The specific files which get -Werror are controlled by the Makefiles.
When you specify this option, the compiler is built to perform internal consistency checks of the requested complexity. This does not change the generated code, but adds error checking within the compiler. This will slow down the compiler and may only work properly if you are building the compiler with GCC. This is yes by default when building from SVN or snapshots, but release for releases. The default for building the stage1 compiler is yes. More control over the checks may be had by specifying list. The categories of checks available are yes (most common checks assert,misc,tree,gc,rtlflag,runtime), no (no checks at all), all (all but valgrind), release (cheapest checks assert,runtime) or none (same as no). Individual checks can be enabled with these flags assert, df, fold, gc, gcac misc, rtl, rtlflag, runtime, tree, and valgrind.

The valgrind check requires the external valgrind simulator, available from The df, rtl, gcac and valgrind checks are very expensive. To disable all checking, --disable-checking or --enable-checking=none must be explicitly requested. Disabling assertions will make the compiler and runtime slightly faster but increase the risk of undetected internal errors causing wrong code to be generated.

If no --enable-checking option is specified the stage1 compiler will be built with yes checking enabled, otherwise the stage1 checking flags are the same as specified by --enable-checking. To build the stage1 compiler with different checking options use --enable-stage1-checking. The list of checking options is the same as for --enable-checking. If your system is too slow or too small to bootstrap a released compiler with checking for stage1 enabled, you can use --disable-stage1-checking to disable checking for the stage1 compiler.
With this option, the compiler is built to collect self coverage information, every time it is run. This is for internal development purposes, and only works when the compiler is being built with gcc. The level argument controls whether the compiler is built optimized or not, values are opt and noopt. For coverage analysis you want to disable optimization, for performance analysis you want to enable optimization. When coverage is enabled, the default level is without optimization.
When this option is specified more detailed information on memory allocation is gathered. This information is printed when using -fmem-report.
With this option you can specify the garbage collector implementation used during the compilation process. choice can be one of page and zone, where page is the default.
The --enable-nls option enables Native Language Support (NLS), which lets GCC output diagnostics in languages other than American English. Native Language Support is enabled by default if not doing a canadian cross build. The --disable-nls option disables NLS.
If NLS is enabled, the --with-included-gettext option causes the build procedure to prefer its copy of GNU gettext.
If NLS is enabled, and if the host lacks gettext but has the inferior catgets interface, the GCC build procedure normally ignores catgets and instead uses GCC's copy of the GNU gettext library. The --with-catgets option causes the build procedure to use the host's catgets in this situation.
Search for libiconv header files in dir/include and libiconv library files in dir/lib.
Enable configuration for an obsoleted system. If you attempt to configure GCC for a system (build, host, or target) which has been obsoleted, and you do not specify this flag, configure will halt with an error message.

All support for systems which have been obsoleted in one release of GCC is removed entirely in the next major release, unless someone steps forward to maintain the port.

Enable (or disable) support for the C decimal floating point extension that is in the IEEE 754-2008 standard. This is enabled by default only on PowerPC, i386, and x86_64 GNU/Linux systems. Other systems may also support it, but require the user to specifically enable it. You can optionally control which decimal floating point format is used (either bid or dpd). The bid (binary integer decimal) format is default on i386 and x86_64 systems, and the dpd (densely packed decimal) format is default on PowerPC systems.
Enable (or disable) support for C fixed-point arithmetic. This option is enabled by default for some targets (such as MIPS) which have hardware-support for fixed-point operations. On other targets, you may enable this option manually.
Specify if long double type should be 128-bit by default on selected GNU/Linux architectures. If using --without-long-double-128, long double will be by default 64-bit, the same as double type. When neither of these configure options are used, the default will be 128-bit long double when built against GNU C Library 2.4 and later, 64-bit long double otherwise.
If you do not have GMP (the GNU Multiple Precision library) and the MPFR Libraries installed in a standard location and you want to build GCC, you can explicitly specify the directory where they are installed (--with-gmp=gmpinstalldir, --with-mpfr=mpfrinstalldir). The --with-gmp=gmpinstalldir option is shorthand for --with-gmp-lib=gmpinstalldir/lib and --with-gmp-include=gmpinstalldir/include. Likewise the --with-mpfr=mpfrinstalldir option is shorthand for --with-mpfr-lib=mpfrinstalldir/lib and --with-mpfr-include=mpfrinstalldir/include. If these shorthand assumptions are not correct, you can use the explicit include and lib options directly.
If you do not have PPL (the Parma Polyhedra Library) and the CLooG libraries installed in a standard location and you want to build GCC, you can explicitly specify the directory where they are installed (--with-ppl=pplinstalldir, --with-cloog=clooginstalldir). The --with-ppl=pplinstalldir option is shorthand for --with-ppl-lib=pplinstalldir/lib and --with-ppl-include=pplinstalldir/include. Likewise the --with-cloog=clooginstalldir option is shorthand for --with-cloog-lib=clooginstalldir/lib and --with-cloog-include=clooginstalldir/include. If these shorthand assumptions are not correct, you can use the explicit include and lib options directly.
If you are linking with a static copy of PPL, you can use this option to specify how the linker should find the standard C++ library used internally by PPL. Typical values of linker-args might be -lstdc++ or -Wl,-Bstatic,-lstdc++,-Bdynamic -lm. If you are linking with a shared copy of PPL, you probably do not need this option; shared library dependencies will cause the linker to search for the standard C++ library automatically.
Convert source directory names using -fdebug-prefix-map when building runtime libraries. map is a space-separated list of maps of the form old=new.

Cross-Compiler-Specific Options

The following options only apply to building cross compilers.

Tells GCC to consider dir as the root of a tree that contains a (subset of) the root filesystem of the target operating system. Target system headers, libraries and run-time object files will be searched in there. The specified directory is not copied into the install tree, unlike the options --with-headers and --with-libs that this option obsoletes. The default value, in case --with-sysroot is not given an argument, is ${gcc_tooldir}/sys-root. If the specified directory is a subdirectory of ${exec_prefix}, then it will be found relative to the GCC binaries if the installation tree is moved.
Tells GCC to consider dir as the system root (see --with-sysroot) while building target libraries, instead of the directory specified with --with-sysroot. This option is only useful when you are already using --with-sysroot. You can use --with-build-sysroot when you are configuring with --prefix set to a directory that is different from the one in which you are installing GCC and your target libraries.

This option affects the system root for the compiler used to build target libraries (which runs on the build system); it does not affect the compiler which is used to build GCC itself.

Deprecated in favor of --with-sysroot. Specifies that target headers are available when building a cross compiler. The dir argument specifies a directory which has the target include files. These include files will be copied into the gcc install directory. This option with the dir argument is required when building a cross compiler, if prefix/target/sys-include doesn't pre-exist. If prefix/target/sys-include does pre-exist, the dir argument may be omitted. fixincludes will be run on these files to make them compatible with GCC.
Tells GCC not use any target headers from a libc when building a cross compiler. When crossing to GNU/Linux, you need the headers so GCC can build the exception handling for libgcc.
--with-libs=``dir1 dir2 ... dirN''
Deprecated in favor of --with-sysroot. Specifies a list of directories which contain the target runtime libraries. These libraries will be copied into the gcc install directory. If the directory list is omitted, this option has no effect.
Specifies that newlib is being used as the target C library. This causes __eprintf to be omitted from libgcc.a on the assumption that it will be provided by newlib.
Specifies where to find the set of target tools (assembler, linker, etc.) that will be used while building GCC itself. This option can be useful if the directory layouts are different between the system you are building GCC on, and the system where you will deploy it.

For example, on a ia64-hp-hpux system, you may have the GNU assembler and linker in /usr/bin, and the native tools in a different path, and build a toolchain that expects to find the native tools in /usr/bin.

When you use this option, you should ensure that dir includes ar, as, ld, nm, ranlib and strip if necessary, and possibly objdump. Otherwise, GCC may use an inconsistent set of tools.

Java-Specific Options

The following option applies to the build of the Java front end.

Specify that the run-time libraries used by GCJ should not be built. This is useful in case you intend to use GCJ with some other run-time, or you're going to install it separately, or it just happens not to build on your particular machine. In general, if the Java front end is enabled, the GCJ libraries will be enabled too, unless they're known to not work on the target platform. If GCJ is enabled but libgcj isn't built, you may need to port it; in this case, before modifying the top-level so that libgcj is enabled by default on this platform, you may use --enable-libgcj to override the default.

The following options apply to building libgcj.

General Options
By default the libjava build will not attempt to compile the .java source files to .class. Instead, it will use the .class files from the source tree. If you use this option you must have executables named ecj1 and gjavah in your path for use by the build. You must use this option if you intend to modify any .java files in libjava.
This libjava option overrides the default value of the java.home system property. It is also used to set sun.boot.class.path to dirname/lib/rt.jar. By default java.home is set to prefix and sun.boot.class.path to datadir/java/libgcj-version.jar.
This option can be used to specify the location of an external jar file containing the Eclipse Java compiler. A specially modified version of this compiler is used by gcj to parse .java source files. If this option is given, the libjava build will create and install an ecj1 executable which uses this jar file at runtime.

If this option is not given, but an ecj.jar file is found in the topmost source tree at configure time, then the libgcj build will create and install ecj1, and will also install the discovered ecj.jar into a suitable place in the install tree.

If ecj1 is not installed, then the user will have to supply one on his path in order for gcj to properly parse .java source files. A suitable jar is available from

Don't set system properties from GCJ_PROPERTIES.
Use a global hash table for monitor locks. Ordinarily, libgcj's configure script automatically makes the correct choice for this option for your platform. Only use this if you know you need the library to be configured differently.
Enable the Java interpreter. The interpreter is automatically enabled by default on all platforms that support it. This option is really only useful if you want to disable the interpreter (using --disable-interpreter).
Disable This disables the native part of only, using non-functional stubs for native method implementations.
Disable JVMPI support.
Disable BC ABI compilation of certain parts of libgcj. By default, some portions of libgcj are compiled with -findirect-dispatch and -fno-indirect-classes, allowing them to be overridden at run-time.

If --disable-libgcj-bc is specified, libgcj is built without these options. This allows the compile-time linker to resolve dependencies when statically linking to libgcj. However it makes it impossible to override the affected portions of libgcj at run-time.

Build most of libgcj with -freduced-reflection. This reduces the size of libgcj at the expense of not being able to do accurate reflection on the classes it contains. This option is safe if you know that code using libgcj will never use reflection on the standard runtime classes in libgcj (including using serialization, RMI or CORBA).
Enable runtime eCos target support.
Don't use libffi. This will disable the interpreter and JNI support as well, as these require libffi to work.
Enable runtime debugging code.
If specified, causes all .java source files to be compiled into .class files in one invocation of gcj. This can speed up build time, but is more resource-intensive. If this option is unspecified or disabled, gcj is invoked once for each .java file to compile into a .class file.
Search for libiconv in DIR/include and DIR/lib.
Force use of the setjmp/longjmp-based scheme for exceptions. configure ordinarily picks the correct value based on the platform. Only use this option if you are sure you need a different setting.
Use installed zlib rather than that included with GCC.
--with-win32-nlsapi=ansi, unicows or unicode
Indicates how MinGW libgcj translates between UNICODE characters and the Win32 API.
If enabled, this creates a JPackage compatible SDK environment during install. Note that if –enable-java-home is used, –with-arch-directory=ARCH must also be specified.
Specifies the name to use for the jre/lib/ARCH directory in the SDK environment created when –enable-java-home is passed. Typical names for this directory include i386, amd64, ia64, etc.
Specifies the OS directory for the SDK include directory. This is set to auto detect, and is typically 'linux'.
Specifies the JPackage origin name. This defaults to the 'gcj' in java-1.5.0-gcj.
Specifies the suffix for the sdk directory. Defaults to the empty string. Examples include '.x86_64' in 'java-1.5.0-gcj-'.
Specifies where to install the SDK. Default is $(prefix)/lib/jvm.
Specifies where to install jars. Default is $(prefix)/lib/jvm-exports.
Specifies where to install the Python modules used for aot-compile. DIR should not include the prefix used in installation. For example, if the Python modules are to be installed in /usr/lib/python2.5/site-packages, then –with-python-dir=/lib/python2.5/site-packages should be passed. If this is not specified, then the Python modules are installed in $(prefix)/share/python.
Adds aot-compile-rpm to the list of installed scripts.
Use the single-byte char and the Win32 A functions natively, translating to and from UNICODE when using these functions. If unspecified, this is the default.
Use the WCHAR and Win32 W functions natively. Adds -lunicows to libgcj.spec to link with libunicows. unicows.dll needs to be deployed on Microsoft Windows 9X machines running built executables. libunicows.a, an open-source import library around Microsoft's unicows.dll, is obtained from, which also gives details on getting unicows.dll from Microsoft.
Use the WCHAR and Win32 W functions natively. Does not add -lunicows to libgcj.spec. The built executables will only run on Microsoft Windows NT and above.
AWT-Specific Options
Use the X Window System.
Specifies the AWT peer library or libraries to build alongside libgcj. If this option is unspecified or disabled, AWT will be non-functional. Current valid values are gtk and xlib. Multiple libraries should be separated by a comma (i.e. --enable-java-awt=gtk,xlib).
Build the cairo Graphics2D implementation on GTK.
Choose garbage collector. Defaults to boehm if unspecified.
Do not try to compile and run a test GTK+ program.
Do not try to compile and run a test GLIB program.
Prefix where libart is installed (optional).
Exec prefix where libart is installed (optional).
Do not try to compile and run a test libart program.

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