9.22.1 M68HC11 and M68HC12 Options

The Motorola 68HC11 and 68HC12 version of as have a few machine dependent options.

-m68hc11
This option switches the assembler in the M68HC11 mode. In this mode, the assembler only accepts 68HC11 operands and mnemonics. It produces code for the 68HC11.


-m68hc12
This option switches the assembler in the M68HC12 mode. In this mode, the assembler also accepts 68HC12 operands and mnemonics. It produces code for the 68HC12. A few 68HC11 instructions are replaced by some 68HC12 instructions as recommended by Motorola specifications.


-m68hcs12
This option switches the assembler in the M68HCS12 mode. This mode is similar to -m68hc12 but specifies to assemble for the 68HCS12 series. The only difference is on the assembling of the movb and movw instruction when a PC-relative operand is used.


-mshort
This option controls the ABI and indicates to use a 16-bit integer ABI. It has no effect on the assembled instructions. This is the default.


-mlong
This option controls the ABI and indicates to use a 32-bit integer ABI.


-mshort-double
This option controls the ABI and indicates to use a 32-bit float ABI. This is the default.


-mlong-double
This option controls the ABI and indicates to use a 64-bit float ABI.


--strict-direct-mode
You can use the --strict-direct-mode option to disable the automatic translation of direct page mode addressing into extended mode when the instruction does not support direct mode. For example, the clr instruction does not support direct page mode addressing. When it is used with the direct page mode, as will ignore it and generate an absolute addressing. This option prevents as from doing this, and the wrong usage of the direct page mode will raise an error.


--short-branches
The --short-branches option turns off the translation of relative branches into absolute branches when the branch offset is out of range. By default as transforms the relative branch (bsr, bgt, bge, beq, bne, ble, blt, bhi, bcc, bls, bcs, bmi, bvs, bvs, bra) into an absolute branch when the offset is out of the -128 .. 127 range. In that case, the bsr instruction is translated into a jsr, the bra instruction is translated into a jmp and the conditional branches instructions are inverted and followed by a jmp. This option disables these translations and as will generate an error if a relative branch is out of range. This option does not affect the optimization associated to the jbra, jbsr and jbXX pseudo opcodes.


--force-long-branches
The --force-long-branches option forces the translation of relative branches into absolute branches. This option does not affect the optimization associated to the jbra, jbsr and jbXX pseudo opcodes.


--print-insn-syntax
You can use the --print-insn-syntax option to obtain the syntax description of the instruction when an error is detected.


--print-opcodes
The --print-opcodes option prints the list of all the instructions with their syntax. The first item of each line represents the instruction name and the rest of the line indicates the possible operands for that instruction. The list is printed in alphabetical order. Once the list is printed as exits.


--generate-example
The --generate-example option is similar to --print-opcodes but it generates an example for each instruction instead.